Suffrage Resources

Student Creative Contest Guidelines
Suffrage Document Packet
Suffrage Flyer

2019 Gaslight article by Ida Jones is at: https://static1.squarespace.com/static/58b4b8216a49630b4301df9f/t/5bd1e546085229bdeae75dbb/1540482377677/BCHSWinter2018Gaslight.pd

 WOMEN IN THE ARTS STUDENT ACTIVITIES: IMAGES AND EXPRESSIONS

PLEASE CLICK HERE FOR SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

As MWHC joyfully participated in the “SHE” Art Show at The Center for the Arts in Ocean City, MD in September 2018 with the Center’s exhibit: “Images & Expressions: MD Women in the Arts“. Honoring this Women’s Arts event we invite you to view this video by Sophia Smith which honors and supports all women of the world. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kITo7Svgi3s

Dolly Parton wrote a new song called The 19th Amendment to “uplift women”.

Please CLICK HERE to listen to this wonderful song honoring the suffragists and the women’s right to vote.

“Standing on the Shoulders: is a musical trilogy about Harriet Tubman, “Mother” Jones and Woodie Guthrie

and is written by Joe DeFilippo and performed by the R.J. Phillips Band, a group of Baltimore musicians. Joe DeFilippo: vocals, piano, bass guitar; Sue Tice: fiddle; Bill Phelan: mandolin, banjo, acoustic guitar; Leslie Darr, background vocals. Produced & recorded by: Bill Pratt at the Bratt Studio, Baltimore, MD.

Please CLICK HERE to listen to this wonderful song.

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Below is a list of national resources and resources from the State of Maryland of interest to women and girls. 

Click this link: MCW-Listening-Tour-Report-FINAL to read about the “VOICES OF MARYLAND WOMEN” and see the Maryland Commission for Women “Listening Tour” results.

Please CLICK HERE for Heritage Trail poster

How Women Won the Vote Gazette with many interesting articles.

Courtesy of the National Women’s History Project.

Gazette_How-Women-Won-Vote- 

How Women Won the Vote and Planning for 2020.

Courtesy of the National Women’s History Project.

How Women Won the Vote Volume 2 2018

NHA / NHA Foundation

The National Humanities Alliance (NHA) is a nationwide coalition of organizations advocating for the humanities on campuses, in communities, and on Capitol Hill. Founded in 1981, NHA is supported by over 200 member organizations, including: colleges, universities, libraries, museums, cultural organizations, state humanities councils, and scholarly, professional, and higher education associations. It is the only organization that brings together the US humanities community as a whole.

The National Humanities Alliance Foundation (NHA Foundation) is the 501(c)(3) supporting foundation of the National Humanities Alliance. The NHA Foundation advances the humanities by conducting and supporting research on the humanities and communicating the value of the humanities to a range of audiences including elected officials and the general public.

For more information about this project contact Daniel Fisher at dfisher@nhalliance.org.-  and please visit:

https://humanitiesforall.org/projects/clio

Directory

MARYLAND COMMISSION FOR WOMEN

51 Monroe Street #1034

Rockville, MD 20850

301-610-4523

www.marylandwomen.org

 The Maryland Commission for Women collaborates with the Maryland State Department of Education in coordinating the Maryland Women’s History Project and with the Women Legislators of Maryland in coordinating the Maryland Women’s Hall of Fame. The Commission also honors young female leaders in a Women of Tomorrow project, and is a partner in the Maryland Women’s Heritage Center. Its goals are to promote the social, political, and economic equality for Maryland women.

 LOCAL COMMISSIONS FOR WOMEN IN MARYLAND:

Allegany County Commission for Women

 30 Washington Street · Cumberland, Maryland 21502 · 301-689-6515

 Dawne Lindsey, Chair

Anne Arundel County Commission for Women   

   P.O. Box 59

 Gambrills, MD 21054

 410-874-7612

 Chair: Jessica O’Kane

http://www.aacounty.org/boards-and-commissions/commission-for-women  

Baltimore City Commission for Women 

 City Hall · 100 N. Holliday Street · Suite 124

 Baltimore, Maryland 21202· 410-396-7541

bccfw@hotmail.com                                         

 Baltimore County Commission for Women

 400 Washington Avenue · Court House Suite 124 · Towson, Maryland 21204

 410-887-3448

women@baltimorecountymd.gov                                                                                             

 President: Bella Santos Owens

Jwilson@baltimorecountymd.gov

 Calvert County Commission for Women

 175 Main Street Prince · Prince Frederick, Maryland 20678 ·

 410-536-2205

chair@calvertwomen.org 

 Margaret Dunkle, Chair

mdunkle@gwu.edu

 Cecil County Commission for Women

 129 East Main Street · Elkton, Maryland 21921 · 410-996-5200  

cecilwomen@gmail.com

 Kathleen Kunda, Chair

 Charles County Commission for Women

 P.O. Box 2150 · La Plata, Maryland 20646 · 301-751-7553

 cccw@charlescounty.org  

 Chair: Christine Marie Parker                                                                                 

 Frederick County Commission for Women

 12 East Church Street · Winchester Hall · Frederick, Maryland 21701·

 301-600-1066

 commissionforwomen@fredco-md.net

 Jennifer Charlton-Shuldes, President

 Garrett County Commission for Women

 P.O. Box 623 · Oakland, Maryland 21550 ·

 301-334-8653

 Carol Reilly, Liaison

Harford County Commission for Women

 319 S. Main Street · Suite 307 · Bel Air, Maryland 21014 ·

 410-638-3117

 Lisa Title, Chair

 Sylvia Bryant, Director

 

Howard County Commission for Women

 6751 Columbia Gateway Drive · Suite 300 · Columbia, Maryland 21046 ·  

 410-313-6425                            

 Chair: Courtney Workman

 Lois Mikkila, Liaison

Montgomery County Commission for Women

 401 North Washington Street · Suite 100 · Rockville, Maryland 20850 ·

 240-777-8330

cfw@montgomerycountymd.gov

 Jaclyn Lichter, President

Prince George’s County Commission for Women

 6420 Allentown Road · Camp Springs, Maryland 20748 · 301-265-8420

 Carol-Lynn Snowden, Liaison    

 clsnowden@co.pg.md.us

St. Mary’s County Commission for Women

 P.O. Box 653 · Leonardtown, Maryland 20650 ·

 301-475-4200, ext. 1846          

 Cynthia Brown, Liaison    

cynthia_brown@co.saint-marys.md.us

Washington County Commission for Women

 100 W. Washington Street · Hagerstown, Maryland 21740 ·

 240-313-2216      

 Ladetra Robinson, President                            

Worcester County Commission for Women

 P.O. Box 126 • Winchester Hall • Snow Hill, Maryland 21863 •

 410-632-4950

 Sharone V. Grant, Chair

 MARYLAND FEDERATION OF BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL WOMEN

www.bpwmaryland.org

 The Maryland Federation of Business & Professional Women was established in 1929 as a not-for-profit profit, nonpartisan, and nonsectarian association. BPW/MD promotes equity for all women in the workplace through advocacy, education, and information.

MARYLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY

 201 West Monument Street • Baltimore, Maryland 21201 •

 410-685-3750 • www.mdhs.org

 The Maryland Historical Society collects, preserves, and interprets the objects and artifacts that reflect the state’s history. The collections contain the papers of many notable Maryland women. Also available are traveling resource kits and historical interpreters who present programs on Maryland women. County and city historical societies provide information about Maryland women’s contributions in specific regions.

THE BALTIMORE CITY HISTORICAL SOCIETY

https://www.baltimorecityhistoricalsociety.org/

STRONG WOMEN IN HISTORY

http://strongwomeninhistory.com/

 MARYLAND STATE ARCHIVES

 350 Rowe Boulevard • Annapolis, Maryland 21401 •

 800-235-4045 • www.mdsa.net

The Archives is the official historical agency for the state. An on-line catalogue of holdings is available on the website. The Research On-line Division has such topics as “A Celebration of the Diversity of Women,” and “The Maryland Women’s Hall of Fame On-Line.”

 

Recent News

In Search of Rosie the Riveters

The Glenn L. Martin Maryland Aviation Museum located at Martin State Airport in Middle River is in search of women who worked in war industries during World War II for participating in its National...

Path To Excellence

MWHC Executive Director, Diana M. Bailey graces the cover of the Daily Record's "Path to Excellence" magazine.To read about Diana's unwavering leadership and the entire Path to Excellence

SUFFRAGE Resources

Maryland 19th Amendment Commission Women’s Right to Vote: 100th Anniversary Celebration Creative Contest Guidelines.

The Maryland Commission on the Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary of the Passage of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is planning a series of programs to honor women past, present and future, who personify the power of using their voice to change legislation in order to improve the lives of women within Maryland’s borders and beyond. Creating this centennial legacy includes engaging the next generation and challenging them to explore the past, present, and future of women’s rights in Maryland and the nation.

Being that art and historical research can both serve to reflect political issues quite accurately, the Commission is inviting student artists and scholars throughout Maryland to produce creative pieces that exemplify notable women – past, present and/or future – who were, are or will be instrumental in the continuation of women’s rights. Students’ submissions should strive to answer the question:

How would YOU use the power of your vote? Reflecting on the efforts of an individual or group, how did they inspire you to help propel society forward?
ELIGIBILITY
● Any Maryland public or private high school student is eligible to submit his or her work for consideration.
● Submission Categories:
o Research Essay
o Flat (Paint, Pencil, Charcoal on Canvas or Print)
o Dimensional (Fabric, 3-D Printing, Pottery, Sculpture, or Mixed Media)
o Digital (Photography, Graphic Art)
o Video or Documentary
● After an initial review of all entries, one student from each of these five categories for each county and Baltimore City will be invited to submit one final work for judging.
● From all of the county submissions, one State winner will be awarded in each medium category.
● The opening date for submissions is June 1, 2019, and the deadline for submissions is October 11, 2019.
ART PORTFOLIO or ESSAY SUBMISSION CRITERIA
● Each student will electronically submit their essay, photos or videos of their work to the Commission’s Google Email Account/Drive, mdsuffragecommission@gmail.com.
● All submissions must include a separate document with the following information:
o The artist’s name, email and mailing address, phone number, current grade, and name and address of his/her school.
o A description of, and inspiration for, the final artistic piece or research essay topic that the student selected.
FINALIST SUBMISSIONS
● Finalists for each county and medium category will be announced and communicated to all applicants on December 2, 2019. Finalists will then receive instructions for physical submission of their work, which will be judged to determine the 5 state winners (one for each medium category).
● All finalists will be invited to the culminating event in Annapolis in March of 2020, where the 5 state winners’ artwork will be temporarily displayed within the state’s Senate and Treasury buildings.
DIMENSIONS OF FINAL SUBMISSIONS
● MEDIA
1. Research Essay – 1,500 to 2,500 Words
2. Flat (Paint, Pencil, Charcoal on Canvas or Print) – 8 ½ “ x 11” – 24” x 32”
3. Dimensional (Fabric, 3-D Printing, Pottery, Sculpture, or Mixed Media) – No more than 12” deep,
24” wide and 36” high
4. Digital (Photography, Graphic Art) – Maximum of 50 MB per submission
5. Video/Documentary – Maximum Length of 5 Minutes
For questions or more information about the creative contest, please contact the Commission at
mdsuffragecommission@gmail.com.
DISPLAY OF ENTRIES
● All county finalist pieces will be displayed from 9/1/20 – 12/13/20 at Welcome Centers throughout the
state. Display locations will be determined when winners are announced.
● Photos of all county and state winners and their winning piece will also be showcased on the
Commission website and visitmaryland.org.
ARTIST TIMELINE
June 1, 2019 – Opening date for digital submissions
October 11, 2019 – Deadline for digital submissions
December 2, 2019 – Finalists for each county and medium category will be announced
December 2019 – Finalists will receive instructions for physical submission of their work, which will be judged to
determine the 5 state winners (one for each medium category)
January 2020 – 5 state winners will be announced
March 2020 – All finalists will be invited to the culminating event in Annapolis.

Maryland and the 19th Amendment: Marching Towards Women’s Suffrage
Most view Marylander Margaret Brent as the first suffragist in the
United States. An unmarried landholder in colonial Maryland, she
appeared before the legislature in 1648 and she asked the Governor
and assembly to admit her with two votes, one as a landowner and
one as Lord Baltimore’s attorney. She was denied both.
Calls for women’s suffrage remained quiet in Maryland until after the
Civil War, when the Maryland Equal Rights Society was formed.
Interest peaked on and off for the next twenty years. Additional
organizations, such as the Maryland Woman Suffrage Association,
the Baltimore Woman’s Suffrage Association, and their affiliated national groups, began to take root in
the state and were active by the early part of the twentieth century. Most sprung up from active women’s
clubs. One early leader, Elizabeth King Ellicott, advocated for suffrage, but also fought for women’s
education, and other social and political reforms.
There were disagreements between the pro-women’s suffrage groups over the best way for Maryland
women to obtain the vote. The Maryland constitution specified men as eligible voters in state elections
and some felt they should support a state constitutional amendment rather than push for a federal one.
Others favored a focus on granting taxpaying women voting rights in some municipalities.
These disagreements resulted in a split between some groups and leaders. Edith Houghton Hooker
formed the Just Government League in 1907, which become the largest suffrage organization in the
state. Madeleine LeMoyne Ellicott worked closely with national suffrage leaders and following ratification
of the Nineteenth Amendment helped found the League of Women Voters of Maryland.
Meanwhile, Maryland legislators continued to reject any women’s suffrage petitions and bills brought
before the General Assembly. Lobbying efforts by suffragists did increase support from legislators in
some political circles and areas of the state, however, never to the point for successful passage.
Generally, Republicans supported the movement while Democrats did not, as Democrats feared new
voters would favor their opponents. Legislators from Baltimore were largely anti-suffrage, likely due to
concerns that female voters would favor prohibition. The closest suffragists came to success was in
1916, when the State Senate passed a statewide women’s suffrage bill by a vote of 17-7. The bill was
defeated in the House of Delegates by nearly twenty votes.
Some Maryland women did not have to wait until passage of the 19th amendment to exercise their right
to vote. On May 14, 1900, women voted in a special municipal bond election in Annapolis. As taxpaying
property owners, they continued to vote in bond elections after this, however, were not allowed to
participate in elections for the mayor and other city officers. In 1908, the town of Still Pond in Kent
County received a charter which granted female taxpayers the right to vote.Three women voted in the
town’s first election in May 1908. Despite an 1896 charter granting universal suffrage, there is no
evidence that women in Loch Lynn Heights in Garrett County voted in municipal elections, despite their
efforts to do so.
African American women faced discrimination from many of the leading women’s suffrage organizations
and had to establish their own groups to promote the cause and educate women about the movement.
This was made more difficult by efforts to legally limit African American suffrage generally.
The Maryland legislature rejected the 19th amendment in 1920 when presented to them for ratification
because they felt that the amendment impeded states rights. Maryland did not formally ratify the 19th
amendment until 1941.
Documents for the Classroom
Even after the 19th Amendment reached full ratification, Maryland women faced challenges in fully
exercising their right to vote. On October 30, 1920, Oscar Leser, a prominent Baltimore attorney and
anti-suffrage activist, and others, filed a petition in court challenging the right of women to be added to
the registry of voters as well as the validity of the Nineteenth Amendment. This case made its way to the
U.S. Supreme Court, which declared in 1922 that the Nineteenth Amendment was valid and women
were legally entitled to be registered voters.
U.S. History Content Standards
Materials compiled in this document can be used by educators to fulfill the following United States
History Content Standards
Era 2: Colonization and Settlement (1585-1763)
Standard 2: How political, religious, and social institutions emerged in the English
colonies.
Standard 2a: The student understands the roots of representative government and how
political rights were defined.
7-12 – Analyze how the rise of individualism contributed to the idea of participatory
government. [Assess the importance of the individual]
9-12 – Analyze how gender, property ownership, religion, and legal status affected
political rights. [Analyze cause-and-effect relationships]
Era 7: The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930)
Standard 1: How Progressives and others addressed problems of industrial capitalism,
urbanization, and political corruption.
Standard 1a: The student understands the origin of the Progressives and the coalitions
they formed to deal with issues at the local and state levels.
5-12 – Evaluate Progressive reforms to expand democracy at the local and state
levels.[Examine the influence of ideas]
5-12 – Evaluate Progressive attempts at social and moral reform. [Marshal evidence
of antecedent circumstances]
Standard 1b: The student understands Progressivism at the national level.
5-12 – Describe how the 16th, 17th, 18th, and 19th amendments reflected the ideals
and goals of Progressivism and the continuing attempt to adapt the founding ideals to
a modernized society. [Evaluate the implementation of a decision]
Standard 1c: The student understands the limitations of Progressivism and the
alternatives offered by various groups.
9-12 – Specify the issues raised by various women and how mainstream
Progressives responded to them. [Consider multiple perspectives]
Standard 3: How the United States changed from the end of World War I to the eve of
the Great Depression.
Standard 3a: The student understands social tensions and their consequences in the
postwar era.
9-12 – Analyze how the emergence of the “New Woman” challenged Victorian values.
[Examine the influence of ideas]
Standard 3d: The student understands politics and international affairs in the 1920s.
5-12 – Assess the effects of woman suffrage on politics. [Evaluate the implementation
of a decision]
Maryland State Content Standards
Materials compiled in this document can be used by educators to fulfill the following Maryland Social
Studies Standards for Grades 4 and for High School.
Grade 4 – Standard 1.0: Civics
Topic B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System
Indicator 1. Analyze how individuals and groups contributed to the political system in
Maryland
Objective a. Describe the contributions of 17th century English settlers who
influenced the early political structure
Indicator 2. Defend the importance of civic participation as a citizen of Maryland
Objective b. Analyze ways people can participate in the political process including
voting, petitioning elected officials, and volunteering
High School – Standard 5.0: United States History
Expectation 2 – Students will demonstrate understanding of the cultural, economic, political,
social and technological developments from 1898 to 1929.
Topic A Challenges of a New Century (1898-1929)
Indicator 1- Analyze the cultural, economic, political, and social impact of the
Progressive Movement.
Objective c – Describe the impact of the 16th, 17th, 18th, and 19th
amendments to the Constitution
Indicator 4- Analyze the cultural, economic, political and social changes in society
during World War I and throughout the 1920s
Objective f – Describe the changing social and economic role of women and
the impact of the women’s suffrage movement
Maryland State Common Core Reading Standards
Materials compiled in this document can be used by educators to fulfill the following Maryland Common
Core Reading Standards for Grades 6-8:
CCR Anchor Standard #1 – Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make
logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions
drawn from the text.
RH.6-8.1 – Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources
CCR Anchor Standard #2 – Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their
development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.
RH.6-8.2- Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an
accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge of opinions
CCR Anchor Standard #3 – Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and
interact over the course of text.
RH.6-8.3- Analyze how and why individuals, events, or ideas develop and interact over the course
of a text.
CCR Anchor Standard #4 – Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including
determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices
shape meaning or tone.
RH.6-8.4- Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including
vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies
CCR Anchor Standard #6 – Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a
text.
RH.6-8.6- Identify aspects of a text that reveal an author’s point of view or purpose (e.g., loaded
language, inclusion or avoidance of particular facts)
CCR Anchor Standard #8 – Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text,
including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.
RH.6-8.8- Distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text
CCR Anchor Standard #9 – Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order
to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.
RH.6-8.9- Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic
Primary Resources
1. TITLE: Conjectural painting, Margaret Brent arguing for the right to vote before the General
Assembly.
ARTIST: Louis Glanzman
CREDIT: Image courtesy of the National Geographic Society
SOURCE: SPECIAL COLLECTIONS (Maryland Commission on Artistic Property Collection) MSA
SC 1545-0789
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Art Collection, Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD
2. TITLE: Conjectural drawing, “Margaret Brent”
ARTIST: Edwin Tunis
DATE CREATED: ca. 1934
SOURCE: SPECIAL COLLECTIONS (Tunis Collection) MSA SC 1480-1-6
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Special Collections, Annapolis, MD
3. TITLE: Margaret Brent’s request for vote and “voyce” in the Maryland Assembly
SOURCE: GOVERNOR AND COUNCIL (Proceedings), 1647-1651, liber A, folio 130, MSA
S1071-4
NOTES: Transcription of Margaret Brent’s request for vote and “voyce” in the Maryland Assembly
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD
4. TITLE: “Woman’s Rights: How They Were Denied at the Loch Lynn Heights Election.”
DATE PUBLISHED: 9 May 1896
SOURCE: The (Baltimore) Sun, 9 May 1896, pg. 1.
NOTES: Article detailing the refusal of election judges to let women vote in Loch Lynn Heights,
Maryland.
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Law Library, Annapolis, MD
5. TITLE: “The Bond Election”
DATE PUBLISHED: 14 May 1900
SOURCE: The (Annapolis) Evening Capital, 14 May 1900, pg. 1. MSA SC 2733
NOTES: Article detailing the first election in Maryland women voted in.
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Special Collections, Annapolis, MD
6. TITLE: Charter for Still Pond
DATE CREATED: 1908
SOURCE: GENERAL ASSEMBLY (Laws, Original) 1908 Chapter 160, S966-631
NOTES: Town charter for Still Pond, Maryland, which granted universal suffrage in municipal
elections.
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD
7. TITLE: “Limited or Universal Suffrage”
CREATOR: Edith Houghton Hooker
DATE PUBLISHED: March 22, 1913
SOURCE: Maryland Suffrage News, 22 March 1913, pg. 203. MSA SC 3286
NOTES: Article from the Maryland Suffrage News, which was published by the Just Government
League from 1912-1920.
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Special Collections, Annapolis, MD
8. TITLE: “Woman Suffrage By Federal Amendment” and “What Is The Federal Suffrage
Amendment” broadsides from the National Woman Suffrage Association
DATE PUBLISHED:February 1917
SOURCE: SPECIAL COLLECTIONS (Handy Collection) MSA SC 4062-3-14
NOTES: Educational flyers about the federal suffrage amendment.
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Special Collections, Annapolis, MD
9. TITLE: Letter from Cornelia A. Gibbs to Maryland Attorney General Albert C. Ritchie
DATE CREATED: 8 July 1919
SOURCE:GOVERNOR (General File) MSA S1041-538
NOTES: Letter from the president of the Maryland Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD
10. TITLE: Letter from Madeleine LeMoyne Ellicott to Alice Leonard Gaule
DATE CREATED: 26 September 1919
SOURCE:SPECIAL COLLECTIONS (Madeleine LeMoyne Ellicott Collection) Letter from
Madeleine LeMoyne Ellicott to Alice Leonard Gaule, 26 September 1919, MSA SC 6110-1-21
NOTES: Personal letter from suffragist Madeleine LeMoyne Ellicott to a friend in which she
mentions the Maryland legislature’s attitude toward the federal suffrage amendment.
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Special Collections, Annapolis, MD
11. TITLE: Letter from Matilda B. Maloy to Rozelle P. Handy
DATE CREATED: 2 January 1920
SOURCE: SPECIAL COLLECTIONS (Handy Collection) MSA SC 4062-3-14
NOTES: Letter detailing local suffrage activities.
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Special Collections, Annapolis, MD
12. TITLE: Letter from Publicity Chairman of Woman Suffrage League of Maryland
DATE CREATED: 5 February 1920
SOURCE: SPECIAL COLLECTIONS (Handy Collection) MSA SC 4062-6-6
NOTES: Letter showing some of the racial undertones of the suffrage movement
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Special Collections, Annapolis, MD
13. TITLE: Vote on resolution to ratify the proposed amendment to the federal constitution
DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 17 February 1920
SOURCE: Journal of Proceedings of the Senate of Maryland, January Session 1920, pp. 202-
203, MdHR 821260-1
NOTES: Tally showing that the Maryland State Senate defeated the proposed amendment by a
vote of 18-9.
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD
14. TITLE: Vote on resolution to ratify the proposed amendment to the federal constitution
DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 17 February 1920
SOURCE: Journal of Proceedings of the House of Delegates of Maryland, January Session 1920,
pp. 279-281, MdHR 821109-1
NOTES: Tally showing that the Maryland House of Delegates defeated the proposed amendment
by a vote of 64-36.
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD
15. TITLE: Joint Resolution of the Maryland General Assembly rejecting and refusing to ratify the
19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1920
SOURCE: GENERAL ASSEMBLY (Joint Resolutions) 1920 JR 2, MSA S967-26
NOTES: Joint resolution in which the Maryland legislature explained why they would not ratify the
19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD
16. TITLE: Court opinion in Leser v. Garnett
DATE CREATED: 28 June 1921
SOURCE:COURT OF APPEALS (Opinions) April term 1921, case no. 43, MSA S 383-188.
NOTES: Opinion of Maryland’s highest court upholding the right of women to vote in Maryland
elections under the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution despite that state constitution
specifying only men could vote.
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD
17. TITLE: Joint Resolution of the Maryland General Assembly ratifying the 19th Amendment to the
U.S. Constitution
DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1941
SOURCE: GENERAL ASSEMBLY (Joint Resolutions) 1941 JR 12, S967-29
NOTES: Maryland’s ratification of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD
18. TITLE: Panorama photograph of members of the Just Government League (this contingent
known as Army of the Severn) standing before the steps of the main portico of the State House.
DATE CREATED: 1914
SOURCE: SPECIAL COLLECTIONS (Margaret Moss Dowsett Collection) MSA SC 4247-1-1
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Special Collections, Annapolis, MD
19. TITLE: Members of the Just Government League marching in suffrage parade in Washington,
D.C.
DATE CREATED: c. 1912
SOURCE:SPECIAL COLLECTIONS (Baltimore: When She Was What She Used To Be
Collection) MSA SC 2167-1-35
REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives, Special Collections, Annapolis, MD
Secondary Resources
Anthony, Susan B., et. al, eds. History of Woman Suffrage. 6 vols. New York : Fowler & Wells, 1881-
1922.
Cohen, Jane Whitehouse. “Women’s Political Power in Maryland, 1920-1964.” Ph.D. diss., Catholic
University of America, 1993.
Cooney, Robert P.J., Jr. Winning the Vote: The Triumph of the American Woman Suffrage Movement.
American Graphic Press: Santa Cruz, CA, 2005.
Cott, Nancy F. Grounding of Modern Feminism. Yale University Press: New Haven, CT, 1987.
Flexner, Eleanor. Century of Struggle: The Women’s Rights Movement in the United States. The
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press: Cambridge, MA, 1996.
Kugler, Israel. From Ladies to Women: The Organized Struggle for Women’s Rights in the
Reconstruction Era. In “Contributions in Women’s Studies, no. 77” Greenwood Press: New York, 1987.
Steiner, Bernard C. Citizenship and Suffrage in Maryland. Cushing and Co.,: Baltimore, MD, 1895.
Weaver, Diane E. “Maryland Women and the Transformation of Politics, 1890s-1930.” Ph.D. diss., The
University of Maryland, 1992.
Weiss, Elaine. Woman’s Hour: The Great Fight to Win the Vote. Viking Press: New York, 2018.
Associated Heritage and Preservation Organizations
Maryland Commission on the Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary of the Passage of the 19th
Amendment to the United States Constitution
Maryland Historical Trust: Maryland Women’s Fight for the Vote story map
Copyright and Other Restrictions
Access to materials linked within these document packets is intended for educational and research
purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or holders of other rights (such as publicity
and privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use beyond that allowed by fair use
or other statutory exemptions. The responsibility for making an independent legal assessment and
independently securing any necessary rights rests with persons desiring to use particular items in the
context of the intended use.
Credits
Documents for the Classroom is a collaborative partnership of the Maryland State Archives and the
Center for History Education (CHE), University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC), and the following
sponsoring school systems: Anne Arundel County Public Schools, Baltimore City Public School System,
Baltimore County Public Schools, Anne Arundel County Public Schools, Prince George’s County Public
Schools, Caroline County Public Schools and Howard County Public Schools.
Other program partners include the Maryland Historical Society, State Library Resource Center/Enoch
Pratt Free Library, with assistance from the National Archives and Records Administration and the
Library of Congress.
This document packet was researched, developed, and updated by Jennifer Hafner Abbott, 2018.
©

Additional Resources

WOMEN IN THE ARTS STUDENT ACTIVITIES: IMAGES AND EXPRESSIONS

PLEASE CLICK HERE FOR SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

“Standing on the Shoulders: is a musical trilogy about Harriet Tubman, “Mother” Jones and Woodie Guthrie

and is written by Joe DeFilippo and performed by the R.J. Phillips Band, a group of Baltimore musicians. Joe DeFilippo: vocals, piano, bass guitar; Sue Tice: fiddle; Bill Phelan: mandolin, banjo, acoustic guitar; Leslie Darr, background vocals. Produced & recorded by: Bill Pratt at the Bratt Studio, Baltimore, MD.

Please CLICK HERE to listen to this wonderful song.

******************************************

As recommended by The Power of the Women’s Vote panel on September 22, 2018. A resource of interest to everyone that needs absentee voting information;

Please use this link for information: https://elections.maryland.gov/voting/absentee.html

 Below is a list of national resources and resources from the State of Maryland of interest to women and girls. 

Click this link: MCW-Listening-Tour-Report-FINAL to read about the “VOICES OF MARYLAND WOMEN” and see the Maryland Commission for Women “Listening Tour” results.

Please CLICK HERE for Heritage Trail poster

How Women Won the Vote Gazette with many interesting articles.

Courtesy of the National Women’s History Project.

Gazette_How-Women-Won-Vote- 

How Women Won the Vote and Planning for 2020.

Courtesy of the National Women’s History Project.

How Women Won the Vote Volume 2 2018

NHA / NHA Foundation

The National Humanities Alliance (NHA) is a nationwide coalition of organizations advocating for the humanities on campuses, in communities, and on Capitol Hill. Founded in 1981, NHA is supported by over 200 member organizations, including: colleges, universities, libraries, museums, cultural organizations, state humanities councils, and scholarly, professional, and higher education associations. It is the only organization that brings together the US humanities community as a whole.

The National Humanities Alliance Foundation (NHA Foundation) is the 501(c)(3) supporting foundation of the National Humanities Alliance. The NHA Foundation advances the humanities by conducting and supporting research on the humanities and communicating the value of the humanities to a range of audiences including elected officials and the general public.

For more information about this project contact Daniel Fisher at dfisher@nhalliance.org.-  and please visit:

https://humanitiesforall.org/projects/clio

Directory

MARYLAND COMMISSION FOR WOMEN

51 Monroe Street #1034

Rockville, MD 20850

301-610-4523

www.marylandwomen.org

 The Maryland Commission for Women collaborates with the Maryland State Department of Education in coordinating the Maryland Women’s History Project and with the Women Legislators of Maryland in coordinating the Maryland Women’s Hall of Fame. The Commission also honors young female leaders in a Women of Tomorrow project, and is a partner in the Maryland Women’s Heritage Center. Its goals are to promote the social, political, and economic equality for Maryland women.

 LOCAL COMMISSIONS FOR WOMEN IN MARYLAND:

Allegany County Commission for Women

 30 Washington Street · Cumberland, Maryland 21502 · 301-689-6515

 Dawne Lindsey, Chair

Anne Arundel County Commission for Women   

   P.O. Box 59

 Gambrills, MD 21054

 410-874-7612

 Chair: Jessica O’Kane

http://www.aacounty.org/boards-and-commissions/commission-for-women  

Baltimore City Commission for Women 

 City Hall · 100 N. Holliday Street · Suite 124

 Baltimore, Maryland 21202· 410-396-7541

bccfw@hotmail.com                                         

 Baltimore County Commission for Women

 400 Washington Avenue · Court House Suite 124 · Towson, Maryland 21204

 410-887-3448

women@baltimorecountymd.gov                                                                                             

 President: Bella Santos Owens

Jwilson@baltimorecountymd.gov

 Calvert County Commission for Women

 175 Main Street Prince · Prince Frederick, Maryland 20678 ·

 410-536-2205

chair@calvertwomen.org 

 Margaret Dunkle, Chair

mdunkle@gwu.edu

 Cecil County Commission for Women

 129 East Main Street · Elkton, Maryland 21921 · 410-996-5200  

cecilwomen@gmail.com

 Kathleen Kunda, Chair

 Charles County Commission for Women

 P.O. Box 2150 · La Plata, Maryland 20646 · 301-751-7553

 cccw@charlescounty.org  

 Chair: Christine Marie Parker                                                                                 

 Frederick County Commission for Women

 12 East Church Street · Winchester Hall · Frederick, Maryland 21701·

 301-600-1066

 commissionforwomen@fredco-md.net

 Jennifer Charlton-Shuldes, President

 Garrett County Commission for Women

 P.O. Box 623 · Oakland, Maryland 21550 ·

 301-334-8653

 Carol Reilly, Liaison

Harford County Commission for Women

 319 S. Main Street · Suite 307 · Bel Air, Maryland 21014 ·

 410-638-3117

 Lisa Title, Chair

 Sylvia Bryant, Director

Howard County Commission for Women

 6751 Columbia Gateway Drive · Suite 300 · Columbia, Maryland 21046 ·  

 410-313-6425                            

 Chair: Courtney Workman

 Lois Mikkila, Liaison

Montgomery County Commission for Women

 401 North Washington Street · Suite 100 · Rockville, Maryland 20850 ·

 240-777-8330

cfw@montgomerycountymd.gov

 Jaclyn Lichter, President

Prince George’s County Commission for Women

 6420 Allentown Road · Camp Springs, Maryland 20748 · 301-265-8420

 Carol-Lynn Snowden, Liaison    

 clsnowden@co.pg.md.us

St. Mary’s County Commission for Women

 P.O. Box 653 · Leonardtown, Maryland 20650 ·

 301-475-4200, ext. 1846          

 Cynthia Brown, Liaison    

cynthia_brown@co.saint-marys.md.us

Washington County Commission for Women

 100 W. Washington Street · Hagerstown, Maryland 21740 ·

 240-313-2216      

 Ladetra Robinson, President                            

Worcester County Commission for Women

 P.O. Box 126 • Winchester Hall • Snow Hill, Maryland 21863 •

 410-632-4950

 Sharone V. Grant, Chair

 MARYLAND FEDERATION OF BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL WOMEN

www.bpwmaryland.org

 The Maryland Federation of Business & Professional Women was established in 1929 as a not-for-profit profit, nonpartisan, and nonsectarian association. BPW/MD promotes equity for all women in the workplace through advocacy, education, and information.

MARYLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY

 201 West Monument Street • Baltimore, Maryland 21201 •

 410-685-3750 • www.mdhs.org

 The Maryland Historical Society collects, preserves, and interprets the objects and artifacts that reflect the state’s history. The collections contain the papers of many notable Maryland women. Also available are traveling resource kits and historical interpreters who present programs on Maryland women. County and city historical societies provide information about Maryland women’s contributions in specific regions.

THE BALTIMORE CITY HISTORICAL SOCIETY

https://www.baltimorecityhistoricalsociety.org/

STRONG WOMEN IN HISTORY

http://strongwomeninhistory.com/

 MARYLAND STATE ARCHIVES

 350 Rowe Boulevard • Annapolis, Maryland 21401 •

 800-235-4045 • www.mdsa.net

The Archives is the official historical agency for the state. An on-line catalogue of holdings is available on the website. The Research On-line Division has such topics as “A Celebration of the Diversity of Women,” and “The Maryland Women’s Hall of Fame On-Line.”

Recent News

In Search of Rosie the Riveters

The Glenn L. Martin Maryland Aviation Museum located at Martin State Airport in Middle River is in search of women who worked in war industries during World War II for participating in its National...

Path To Excellence

MWHC Executive Director, Diana M. Bailey graces the cover of the Daily Record's "Path to Excellence" magazine.To read about Diana's unwavering leadership and the entire Path to Excellence

WOMEN IN THE ARTS STUDENT ACTIVITIES: IMAGES AND EXPRESSIONS
PLEASE CLICK HERE FOR SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

******************************************

Below is a list of national resources and resources from the State of Maryland of interest to women and girls. 

Please CLICK HERE for Heritage Trail poster

How Women Won the Vote Gazette with many interesting articles.
Courtesy of the National Women’s History Project.
Gazette_How-Women-Won-Vote- 

How Women Won the Vote and Planning for 2020.
Courtesy of the National Women’s History Project.
How Women Won the Vote Volume 2 2018

NHA / NHA Foundation

The National Humanities Alliance (NHA) is a nationwide coalition of organizations advocating for the humanities on campuses, in communities, and on Capitol Hill. Founded in 1981, NHA is supported by over 200 member organizations, including: colleges, universities, libraries, museums, cultural organizations, state humanities councils, and scholarly, professional, and higher education associations. It is the only organization that brings together the US humanities community as a whole.

The National Humanities Alliance Foundation (NHA Foundation) is the 501(c)(3) supporting foundation of the National Humanities Alliance. The NHA Foundation advances the humanities by conducting and supporting research on the humanities and communicating the value of the humanities to a range of audiences including elected officials and the general public.

For more information about this project contact Daniel Fisher at dfisher@nhalliance.org.-  and please visit:
https://humanitiesforall.org/projects/clio

Directory

MARYLAND COMMISSION FOR WOMEN
51 Monroe Street #1034
Rockville, MD 20850
301-610-4523
www.marylandwomen.org
 The Maryland Commission for Women collaborates with the Maryland State Department of Education in coordinating the Maryland Women’s History Project and with the Women Legislators of Maryland in coordinating the Maryland Women’s Hall of Fame. The Commission also honors young female leaders in a Women of Tomorrow project, and is a partner in the Maryland Women’s Heritage Center. Its goals are to promote the social, political, and economic equality for Maryland women.

 LOCAL COMMISSIONS FOR WOMEN IN MARYLAND:

Allegany County Commission for Women
 30 Washington Street · Cumberland, Maryland 21502 · 301-689-6515
 Dawne Lindsey, Chair

Anne Arundel County Commission for Women   
 
 P.O. Box 59
 Gambrills, MD 21054
 
410-874-7612
 Chair: Jessica O’Kane
http://www.aacounty.org/boards-and-commissions/commission-for-women  

Baltimore City Commission for Women 
 
City Hall · 100 N. Holliday Street · Suite 124
 Baltimore, Maryland 21202· 410-396-7541
bccfw@hotmail.com                                         

 Baltimore County Commission for Women
 400 Washington Avenue · Court House Suite 124 · Towson, Maryland 21204
 410-887-3448
women@baltimorecountymd.gov                                                                                             
 President: Bella Santos Owens
Jwilson@baltimorecountymd.gov

 Calvert County Commission for Women
 175 Main Street Prince · Prince Frederick, Maryland 20678 ·
 410-536-2205
chair@calvertwomen.org 
 Margaret Dunkle, Chair
mdunkle@gwu.edu


 Cecil County Commission for Women

 129 East Main Street · Elkton, Maryland 21921 · 410-996-5200  
cecilwomen@gmail.com
 Kathleen Kunda, Chair

 Charles County Commission for Women
 P.O. Box 2150 · La Plata, Maryland 20646 · 301-751-7553
 
cccw@charlescounty.org  
 
Chair: Christine Marie Parker                                                                                 

 Frederick County Commission for Women
 
12 East Church Street · Winchester Hall · Frederick, Maryland 21701·
 301-600-1066
 
commissionforwomen@fredco-md.net
 
Jennifer Charlton-Shuldes, President

 Garrett County Commission for Women
 P.O. Box 623 · Oakland, Maryland 21550 ·
 301-334-8653
 Carol Reilly, Liaison

Harford County Commission for Women
 319 S. Main Street · Suite 307 · Bel Air, Maryland 21014 ·
 410-638-3117
 Lisa Title, Chair
 
Sylvia Bryant, Director
 

Howard County Commission for Women
 6751 Columbia Gateway Drive · Suite 300 · Columbia, Maryland 21046 ·  
 410-313-6425                            
 Chair: Courtney Workman
 Lois Mikkila, Liaison

Montgomery County Commission for Women
 
401 North Washington Street · Suite 100 · Rockville, Maryland 20850 ·
 240-777-8330
cfw@montgomerycountymd.gov
 Jaclyn Lichter, President

Prince George’s County Commission for Women
 6420 Allentown Road · Camp Springs, Maryland 20748 · 301-265-8420
 Carol-Lynn Snowden, Liaison    
 
clsnowden@co.pg.md.us

St. Mary’s County Commission for Women
 P.O. Box 653 · Leonardtown, Maryland 20650 ·
 301-475-4200, ext. 1846          
 Cynthia Brown, Liaison    
cynthia_brown@co.saint-marys.md.us

Washington County Commission for Women
 
100 W. Washington Street · Hagerstown, Maryland 21740 ·
 240-313-2216      
 Ladetra Robinson, President                            

Worcester County Commission for Women
 P.O. Box 126 • Winchester Hall • Snow Hill, Maryland 21863 •
 410-632-4950
 Sharone V. Grant, Chair

 MARYLAND FEDERATION OF BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL WOMEN

www.bpwmaryland.org
 The Maryland Federation of Business & Professional Women was established in 1929 as a not-for-profit profit, nonpartisan, and nonsectarian association. BPW/MD promotes equity for all women in the workplace through advocacy, education, and information.

MARYLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY
 201 West Monument Street • Baltimore, Maryland 21201 •
 410-685-3750 • www.mdhs.org

 The Maryland Historical Society collects, preserves, and interprets the objects and artifacts that reflect the state’s history. The collections contain the papers of many notable Maryland women. Also available are traveling resource kits and historical interpreters who present programs on Maryland women. County and city historical societies provide information about Maryland women’s contributions in specific regions.

THE BALTIMORE CITY HISTORICAL SOCIETY
https://www.baltimorecityhistoricalsociety.org/

STRONG WOMEN IN HISTORY
http://strongwomeninhistory.com/

 MARYLAND STATE ARCHIVES

 350 Rowe Boulevard • Annapolis, Maryland 21401 •
 800-235-4045 • www.mdsa.net

The Archives is the official historical agency for the state. An on-line catalogue of holdings is available on the website. The Research On-line Division has such topics as “A Celebration of the Diversity of Women,” and “The Maryland Women’s Hall of Fame On-Line.”

Recent News

In Search of Rosie the Riveters

The Glenn L. Martin Maryland Aviation Museum located at Martin State Airport in Middle River is in search of women who worked in war industries during World War II for participating in its National...

Path To Excellence

MWHC Executive Director, Diana M. Bailey graces the cover of the Daily Record's "Path to Excellence" magazine.To read about Diana's unwavering leadership and the entire Path to Excellence